Duncan Graham: (? - 1847)
     Duncan's early life is a mystery. Where he came from prior to arriving in trade with the Dakota in the 1790's is unknown. He became Hohayteedah or Hoarse Voice to the Dakota and married the daughter of Dakota chief, Penichon (Penichon was the half-blood son of a French deserter who traded with the Dakota after the Marin's left their country, about the time the British won Canada from the French).
     Duncan's trading career paused when the War of 1812 broke & he became a captain in the British cause. At the battle of lower Sandusky he was repulsed by the American's while leading his command of Dakota warriors and was under Col.William McKay's command when he took Prairie du Chien from the Americans. He lead the efforts which drove, future U.S. President, Zachary Taylor, back down the Mississippi R., in Taylor's attempt to retake Prairie du Chien on 6 Sept. 1814.
     In 1816 he became apart of Lord Selkirk war with the Northwest Fur Co., in which he helped secure the trade in northern Minnesota from the NWCo. traders James Grant, Wm.Morrison & Eustace Roussain for a trading season. The following are exerts of a letter Duncan wrote on 24 Feb.1818 to John Allen (Surgeon of the Royal Navy) from Big Stone Lake, giving us insight of his thoughts of his profession & his view of a Yankton Sioux village on the Cheyenne River in today's North Dakota, "...although you are not thoroughly acquainted with all Indian customs from what you have seen of them you may easily judge of my situation surrounded by about 300 lodges of the ferocious savages bruts...the bones of the Grand Siruex (Yankton Chief-killed by an Ojibwe from Leech Lake) were on a scaffold before my lodge. There was continually night & day somebody crying howling over these bones he was father to one brother to another & cousin to a third & so on, in short where he had one relation in his life he had 500 after his death they are related together as they originated from the devil whom I think must be the great Grandfather of them all...This far,  past the most disagreeable winter that ever I past in my life I have experienced  more trouble, anxiety & danger since the 18th of October last than in the whole course of my life before and I would not undergo as much again for all the beaver that went out of Hudson's Bay in ten years...I am in hopes to go straight to heaven as I have every reason to think that I have already gone through purgatory...I have given the place where I am the name of hell upon earth as I can find no other name more becoming it."  In 1820 he was a Hudson Bay Co. trader at Lac Traverse, giving Col. Leavenworth (the new U.S. commander at the mouth of Minnesota R.) concern in accomplishing one of his missions, to secure the fur trade from British traders in U.S. territory. By 1834 he had become an American, settling near Wabasha, Mn., at the foot of Lake Pepin. His daughters had married American traders/voyageurs, Alexander Faribault, Oliver Cratte, Joseph Buisson & James Wells. Duncan died at Mendota on 5 Dec. 1847.